Caihong Hu(胡彩红); Mei Zhang(张梅); Wenrong Zhang(张文戎); Xiao Zhang(张笑); Zhenping Zhao(赵振平); Zhengjing Huang (黄正京);Limin Wang(王丽敏)
What is already known about this topic?
Excessive salt intake is an important risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). The amount of salt intake of Chinese is one of the highest all over the world. At a national level, the awareness of maximum daily salt intake recommended by the“Dietary Guidelines of Chinese residents” had not been reported.
What is added by this report?
This is the first nationally representative study about awareness of maximum daily salt intake in China. In 2015, the awareness rate of maximum daily salt intake and behavior rate of salt reduction among Chinese adults aged 18 years old and above was 6.1% and 37.3%, respectively. The awareness rate of maximum daily salt intake and behavior rate of salt reduction was low among adult residents in China.
What are the implications for public health practice?
To increase the behavior rate of salt reduction in China, awareness of the maximum daily salt intake needs to be strengthened to Chinese residents, especially in rural areas or for people with low education levels and low incomes.